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圣淘沙电竞官网DRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo11,quartersof2003,despiteimpactofSARS,%.,%,whichindicatesthat,GDPgrowthrateofourcountryisleveledoffabove8%since2002,,andheavyindustryandchemicalindustryaregettingmoreandmoreindustrializedInthefirstthreequartersoftheyear,pillarindustries,suchaselectronicengineeringequipmentmanufacturing,electricmachineryandfacilitymanufacturing,transportationequipmentmanufacturing,metallurgyindustryandchemicalindustryrealizedfastgrowth,%.Inc%%.%ofthetotalindustrialaddedvalue,(%).Since1998,growthofheavyindustrytakesonanacceleratingtendencycomparedwithgrowthoflightindustry,andtheproportionofheavyindustry’saddedvalueinoverallindustrialaddedvalueiscontinuouslyincreasing,especiallyinthisyear,whichexemplifiesthatecr,andiscloselyrelatedtoconsumptionstructurewithafairlystrongmarketendogenousmechanism,andheavyindustrializationwillbethemainsupportingp,andconsumptionupgradingremainsitsmomentumInthefirstthreequarters,%,yofheavyindustryandchemicalindustry,,,%,%percentagepoint,whichhasrecoveredtothenormalgrowthlevel,consequently,,,%,%,andthatoftelecommunicationsequipmentincreasedby74%.ConexistInthefirstthreequarters,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,favorablebalanceoftradedecreasedascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear(,).Intermsofdifferentcountriesandregions,favorabletradebalancetotheUnitedStatesandsomeEuropeancountriesiscontinuouslygrowing,whileadversetradebalancetoJapan,Korea,’smainexportmarket,expandedtradesurpluswillinevitablyintensifytradefrictions,and,export-orientedmanufacturesinJapan,Korea,andTaiwanprovincegraduallymovedtomainlandChinatoestablishfactories,whichisanimportantre,whilesupplyofsomeenergyresourcesandrawmaterialsseegapsAsdomesticmarketgrowsmoreactiveandexportincreasefast,,%ascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear,%,butfallingdownstablybytheseason(%,%,and4%).Supplyofelectricpower,coal,steel,,supplyofthoseproductsisrapidlyincreasing,,priceismaintainedatalowlevel,demandconstraintuniversallyexists,,supplyanddemandrelationsbynomeansreversedAccordingtorelevantstatistics,grainyieldofthisyearispredictedtobelowerthan450billionkilograms,,,itisestimatedthatbytheendofthisyeargrainstockwillstillmaintainabove200billionkilograms,whichisalothigherascomparedtonormalyears();ontheotherhand,thegrainproductivityislarge,rbyabigmargin....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,China’,registeringanaturalgrowthrateof6‰.Chinawillcontinueitspopulationgrowthpatterncharacterizedbylowbirthrate,,asaleapyear,isonedaylongerthanlastyear,,,,itisstilladifficultjobtokeepbirthratelowandthelowgrowt,,HIV/,nosufficientfamilyplanningisinplaceforthemigrantpopulation;thelackofsupportforoldpeopleintheruralareaswherefamilyplanninghasbeenadoptedisbecominganincreasinglysignificantproblem;andasoc,thepopulationpolicywillcontinuetostresskeepingbirthrateatalowlevel,,thepopulationdevelopmentplansatthenationalandregionallevelswillbeworkedout,inwhichtheissueofpopulationandfamilyplanningwillrema,thepilotworkof"TakeCareofGirls",aprojectlaunchedbytheNationalPopulationandFamilyPlanningCommissionin2003,,’estimates,’,000to800,000newjobsaccordingtocurrentemploymentindicators,,,,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,aswellaslocalgovernments,allmakeitatopprioritytocreatemorejobsandhaveadoptedactivemeasurestocr,theeconomyhasenteredanewroundofrapidgrowthandisexpectedtogrowatmorethan8percentthisyear,,moreoperableandpracticalmeasuresinlinewithactiveemp,theemploymentpoliciesforcollegegraduateswillbefurtherclarifiedandinstitutionalbarrierswillbedismantledandamorefa

ChenXiaohongResearchReportNo004,:Definition,rsedefinitionsontherestructuringofstate-ownedenterprises:changeoftheirforms,’sformmeanstochangeitsleg,anenterpriseregulatedbytheEnterpriseLawisturnedintoawholly-ownedcompanytoberegulatedbytheCompanyLaw,’sequitystructuremeanst,anenterprisemayhavegoldshareholders,’slegalf,anenterprise’srestructuringalsoincludesanextensivechangeofitsinternalsystems,rprise’srestructuringinthenarrowsense,buttheyoftenarethecauseof,ortheresultof,,thesechangesarecloselylinkedtoanenterprise’srestructuring,andconstituteanimportantissuethatdeservesattentioninthecourseofanenterprise’srestructuring,espec:themaindrivingfactorsandpresentconditionsTherestructuringofstate-ownedenterprisesbeganinthemid-1980s,butbecamethanyaspects,includingpoliticalpolicies,regionalconditions,formofChina’te-ownedenterprisesbecameincreasinglyclearerlaterandespeciallythroughthe3rdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommittee,the15thNationalCongressoftheCPC,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommittee,the16thNationalCongreationfortherelevantgovernmentdepartmentstoworkouttherelevantpoliciesandfordifferentregions4thNationalCongressoftheCPCgraduallydefinedt,manyre,theregionalgovernmentsbelievedthat,especiallytheopeningoftheShanghaiandShenzhenstockmarketsintheearly1990s,andthelateroverseaslistingofChineseenterprihina’s"insidercontrol",thattheoperatorsofstate-ownedenterpriseshadforlongassumedtooheavyresponsibilitiesandreceivedtoolowpay,andth,,000state-ownedenterprisesintheearly1980s,thereareonlyabout180,000today(2001).Thenumberofstate-ownedandstate-heldenterprisesdroppedfrom65,000in1998to43,avechangedtheirsystems(estimationbyexpertsoftheState-ownedAssetsManagementCommission).Manystate-ownedenterpriseshavechangedtheirsystemsandbeenlistedonstockmarkets,,oradjustructuringandrelatedmergerandacquisitionandreorganizat,suchaswhetherthelargestate-ownedenterprisesregisteredundertheEnterpriseLawshouldbeturnedintoincorporatedenterprises,whatisthebasisfordesigningspecialstate-ownedente,suchaswhetherthepubliclylistedcompaniesheldbylargewhollystate-ownedcompaniesandtherelatedtransactionsandconflictsofinterestscanbeproperlysolvedwhentheirstructuresarenotchangedandwhethertherestructuringsuchasasimpleintroductionofoperatorandemployeeshareholdinginsubsidiarycompaniescanb,therest,auditandappraisalwerenottruthful,enterpriseswereundervaluedforsale,,thecomplexityanduniquenessofrestructuringwerenotfullyunderstood,,theState-ownedAssetsManagementCommissionpromulgatedtheProposalsontheRegulationoftheRestructuringofState-ownedEnterprises,

ChenQingtaiEstablishingastate-ownedassetsmanagementsysteminlinewiththerfstate-ownedenterprisesandpromotingtherestruc,itmanagement,establishingeffectivecorporategovernance,increasingenterprises’vitality,,despiterepeatedexplorationsbothatthecentralandlocallevels,thisreformdidnotentertheimplementationstageuntilthe16thCPCNationalCongressoutlinedsystematicallytheguid,thestate-ownedassetsofenterprisesbelongtothestate,algovernmentsandbetwe,thestate-(assets)telydefinetheirownrolesandthereonsandallowingenterprisestoassumesocialfunctionshavedis"offside",whichdampensthemarketvitalityoftheenterp,which,,anentrustedstateownershipagencysystem,whichclearlydefinespowersandresponsibilities,shouldbeestablishedsoastoformsystemsandmechanismswithwhichtheownership-relatedresponsibiliownedenec’sinstitution,whichwillbeseparatedfromthefunctionaldepartmentsinchargeofpublicadministration,toexercisetherightofsttalcontributor’’sinstitutionisentrustedbythestatetoownthestockrights,exercisethecapitalcontributor’srightsasastockholderinaccordancewiththeCompanyLaw,andperformthecapitalcontributor’,makemanagementdecisionsindependentlyandberesponsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosseswithinthecorporategovernanceframework,’sinstitutioni,thetasktoreformthestate-ownedassetsmanagementsystemistoe’sinstitutiontoexercisetherightofownershipinacentralizedandunifiedwayandtorealizetheseparationofgovernmentfunctionsfromenterprise(capital)managem’sinstitutionownsthestockrightsoftheenterprisesinwhichtheyinvestandhavestocks,andexerciserightsandas,includingthoseinwhichthestatehasinvestmentsandownsstocks,shouldmakemanagementdecisionsindependentlyandberesponsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosseswithinthecorporategovernanceframework,’sinstitutionisaccountabletothestateinthefieldsofrealizinggovernmentpolicyobjectivesandearketEconomyThemanagementofstate-ownedassetsisasystemandmechanismthatinvolvestheformsofrealizingstateownership,themanagement,operationandsupervisionofstate-ownedassets,corporategovernance,,thatcanberesolvedwiththees:iononstate-ownedassets,thedefinitionofstatepropertyrights,theaccountingsystem,statistics,auditing,appraisal,theapprovaloftheoperatingbudgetsofstate-owtate-ownedassetsandshouldbeadministratedbythedepartmentsofpublicadmininctionsareseparatedfromenterprisemanagementandtherightofownershipisseparatedfromtherightofoperation,the"state"m,thechainofentrustedagencyisthatthestateistheunifiedownerandthecentralandlocalgovernmentsrespectivelyrepresentthestatetoperformthecapitalcontributor’tsinchargeofstate-ownedassetsmanagement–thecapitalcontributor’’sinstitutioncontrolsthestocksofimportantenterprisesandconducts"authorizedoperation",risesCorporatesystemisthefoundationfortheenterpriseswhosegovernmentfunctionsareseparatedfromenterpriseman,state-ownedenterprisesmustundergocorporater,thestateownermovesfrom"controlling"enterprisesthroughtheadministrativeinterventionbythegovernmentdepartmentstoentrustingthecapitalcontributor’sinstitutionto"performthecapitalcontributor’sresponsibilities",includingthestatecapitalcontributors,maintaintheirfinalcontrolovertheenterprisesthroughthe,maketheirmanagenenviroauthorizesthecompetentdepartments,suchastheMinistryofFinanceandtheNationalAuditOffice,tocarryoutauditandsupervisionoverthecapitalcontributor’’sinstitutioncarriesoutauditandsupervisionovertheinstitutionithasauthorizedtooperate....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangMengkuiThemid-andlong-termdevelopmentobjectiveforChinaistobuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayinthefirst20yearsofthe21stcentury(2001-2020)."Well-offsociety"isaconventionalChineseconception,whichreferstoasocialformationthatpeoplehavemorethanadequatefoodandclothingandliveawell-to-dolife,,around75%peopleinurbanandruralareashadreachedmoderateprosperityintheyear2000,theWorldBanks’,whichhasbeenharassingChinesepeopleforhundredsofthousandofyears,,veforChineseeconomicdevel%,GDPwillapproach36,000billionRMBbytheyear2020,whichexceeds4,,thoughChineseeconomicaggregatewillseeagreaterincrease,thepercapitaincomewillremainlow,izedviafourfive-yearplans,,,contentsandapproachesofstateplansalsodifferfromthoseinthepast,(2001-2005)%,and8%,g7%dexceededin2005,astheEleventhFive-YearPlan(2006-2010)eriodof2001-2020,withthelowestof7–%andthehighestaround9%,ownafterwards,t,thosecountriesthatmaintainedahighgrowthspeedthrough40yearsincludeKorea(%),Singapore(%),andThailand(%).Chineseec,Chinawillalsomaintainahighgrowthspeedthrough40yearsaswell,ceandstability."ChinaThreat"conomicgrowthconsistinseveralaspects:,ale,theexploitationofcentralandwesternregionsandrevitalizationofoldindustrialbasesarebeingexpedited,,Chinaconsumedanamountofrolledsteelaccountedfor1/4oftheworldtotal,glassfor1/3,andcementfor40%.Thecontributionratebythemarketfactoriskeepingincreasing,andtheaverageannualgrowthrateofcivilianinvestment(includingprivatelyeconomy,individualeconomy,stockholdingeconomy,collectiveeconomy,combinedmanagementeconomy,andexcludingforeign,HongKong,Macao,Taiwancapital)is20%,,andthesocialsavingscurrentlyexceed10,000billionRMB,r50%,andthatofthenon-state-ownedeconomy(includingforeigncapital)accountsformorethan50%,thenon-state-ownedeconomyintheconsumingfieldsarebeingwidening,,inhabitants’housing,transportation,c,urbanhousingacreageincreased22%,householdcomputersincreased6fold,,;colorTVsetsinpeasants’,refrigeratorsincreased74%,andwashingmachinesincreased45%.Chineseeconomicdevelopmentisimbalanced,anddispa"accumulationofspoondrifts"(onespoondriftpushesanother,andthewavecrestwillbehigherandhigherthroughtheaccumulationofpowerafteroneroundandtheother),andtheproductmarketwillkeeponexpandingforalongtime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.龙都新注册送38元体验金ChenQingtaiWiththefurtherdeepeningofeconomicdevelopmentandopening-up,thedevelopmentandchangesinthepolitical,e,China’senergyreformanddevelopment,especiallytheissuesofChina’ssustainableenergysupplyanditspossibleinfluencesonworldenergysituation,haveremainedcontroversialissuesthroughouttheworld,,theyseemedtobecomethemajorsupportingevidencesof"ChinaThreat".Awidely-heldviewis:theissueofenergysupplywillbecomeaninsurmountablebarrierinChina’seffortstodevelopitseconomyfurtherandimprovethelivingstandardsoftheChinesepeople,andChina’,theenergyreformanddevelopmenthavearousedmoreandmoreconcernath’senergysituationlikeHowseriousisitWhatkindofstrategyandmeasuresshouldChinataketoensurethesustainableeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheoverallrealizationofacomparativelywell-offsocietyinChinaAllthesequestionshavebecomesoimperativethatitisnece’sEnergyIssueintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInthepasttwodecades,significantachievementshavebeenmadeinChina’ects:,%whilethe%,,theenergyconsumptionperunitofGDPhasbeendecreasingandontheotherhand,theenergyconsumptionperunitofproductofthemajorhigh-energyconsumptionsectorshasbeensignificantlydecreasingandthegapbetweenthelevelofenergyconsumptionofmajorenergy-consumptionproductvelopmentofChina’hina’seconomicandsocietaldevelopment,andatthesametime,itisaperiodinwhitforwardinthe16thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,China’(PPP),China’spercapitaGDPwillsucceed$10,,,thelevelofurbanization,thecitizen’,mostdevelopedcountriesalsounderwentaprocessinwhichpercapitaenergyconsumptiongrewrapidlyandtheenergymixchangedinarapidpace,,theuniquesituationofChina,andtheinternationalbackgroundcharacterizedbyeconomicglobalizationandincreasinglypopularenvironmentalprotectionmovementwillmakeChina’ssituati’sconstructingacomparativelywell-offsociety,howmuchenergyisneededtosupporttheeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentgoal,andwhichkindofchallengesandpressuresChinawillfacewilldependbothontheobjectivelawofeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentandwhichkindofeconomy,energy,"China’sComprehensiveEnergyStrategyandPolicy"hasmadesomeforecastsaboutChina’:,China’senergydemandinth,China’,nomicgrowthbymanagingacomparativelysmallenergyinvestment,anditispossibleforChinatoimprovethelivingstandardofitspeoplewiththepercapita,ifdifferentpolicesandmeasuresweretaken,therewouldbedifferencesbetweentheenergymixandenergyefficie,ifadifferentenergydevelopmentstrategywereadopted,theeconomicdevelopmenttargetcouldbemetbutitwouldhaveatotallydifferentimpactonenergysupply,’slivingstandardsandupgradingoftheconsumption,theenergydemandmixwillgreatlychange,especiallyinthetransportationsectorandconstructionsectorandthegrowthrateofenergydemandwillewlyexpandedenergyconsumptioninthesameyearwillincreaseto57-75%in2020fromthepresentnumberof35%,,weshouldattachgreatimportancetotheenergysupplyandenergyefficiencyimprovementoftheseenergyintensivesectorswhoseenergyconsumptionwillincreaserapidly,,ourconclusionisthatitisdefinitelytruethatChina’,inordertorealizethegoalofquadruplingChina’seconomyby2020,dthegreatpotentialofthesysteminnovationandtechnologicalinnovationinChina’senergyfield,andaseriesofpoliciesonthepartofChinesegovernmentwhichaimsatpromotingthesustainabledevelopmentofenergy,wecangettheconclusionthatitispossibleforChinatorealizetntstrate’sEnergyStrategyintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInordertorealizethegoalofanall-sidedcomparativelywell-offsocietyanddealwiththeseriouschallengesofthelong-termenergydevelopment,theWestand,accordingtothespecificsituationinChina,establishamid-andlong-termsustainableenergystrategywithChinesecharacteristicswy,China’senergystrategywillrea:(1)Theobjectiveofenergysupplyshouldchangefromsimplymeetingthebasicrequirementsofeconomicdevelopmenttoattachingmoreimportancetotheenvironmentresultsonthebasisofmeetingtherequirements,thusrealizingthecoordinateddevelopmentofeconomy,societyandenvironment.(2)Thedevelopmentmodelofenergyenterpriseswillchangefromgovernmentplanandadministrativecontroltoamarket-basedmechanismundertheguidanceofthegovernment.(3)China’senergydevelopment,againstthebackgroundofeconomicglobalizationandChina’sWTOentry,shouldchangefromthe"self-balance"modeldependantondomesticresourcestoaninternationalstrategymodelwhichmakesfulluseofdomesticandoverseasresourcesanddomesticandinternationalmarkets.

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亚美旗舰厅国际官网app圣淘沙电竞官网ChenXiaohongResearchReportNo004,:Definition,rsedefinitionsontherestructuringofstate-ownedenterprises:changeoftheirforms,’sformmeanstochangeitsleg,anenterpriseregulatedbytheEnterpriseLawisturnedintoawholly-ownedcompanytoberegulatedbytheCompanyLaw,’sequitystructuremeanst,anenterprisemayhavegoldshareholders,’slegalf,anenterprise’srestructuringalsoincludesanextensivechangeofitsinternalsystems,rprise’srestructuringinthenarrowsense,buttheyoftenarethecauseof,ortheresultof,,thesechangesarecloselylinkedtoanenterprise’srestructuring,andconstituteanimportantissuethatdeservesattentioninthecourseofanenterprise’srestructuring,espec:themaindrivingfactorsandpresentconditionsTherestructuringofstate-ownedenterprisesbeganinthemid-1980s,butbecamethanyaspects,includingpoliticalpolicies,regionalconditions,formofChina’te-ownedenterprisesbecameincreasinglyclearerlaterandespeciallythroughthe3rdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommittee,the15thNationalCongressoftheCPC,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommittee,the16thNationalCongreationfortherelevantgovernmentdepartmentstoworkouttherelevantpoliciesandfordifferentregions4thNationalCongressoftheCPCgraduallydefinedt,manyre,theregionalgovernmentsbelievedthat,especiallytheopeningoftheShanghaiandShenzhenstockmarketsintheearly1990s,andthelateroverseaslistingofChineseenterprihina’s"insidercontrol",thattheoperatorsofstate-ownedenterpriseshadforlongassumedtooheavyresponsibilitiesandreceivedtoolowpay,andth,,000state-ownedenterprisesintheearly1980s,thereareonlyabout180,000today(2001).Thenumberofstate-ownedandstate-heldenterprisesdroppedfrom65,000in1998to43,avechangedtheirsystems(estimationbyexpertsoftheState-ownedAssetsManagementCommission).Manystate-ownedenterpriseshavechangedtheirsystemsandbeenlistedonstockmarkets,,oradjustructuringandrelatedmergerandacquisitionandreorganizat,suchaswhetherthelargestate-ownedenterprisesregisteredundertheEnterpriseLawshouldbeturnedintoincorporatedenterprises,whatisthebasisfordesigningspecialstate-ownedente,suchaswhetherthepubliclylistedcompaniesheldbylargewhollystate-ownedcompaniesandtherelatedtransactionsandconflictsofinterestscanbeproperlysolvedwhentheirstructuresarenotchangedandwhethertherestructuringsuchasasimpleintroductionofoperatorandemployeeshareholdinginsubsidiarycompaniescanb,therest,auditandappraisalwerenottruthful,enterpriseswereundervaluedforsale,,thecomplexityanduniquenessofrestructuringwerenotfullyunderstood,,theState-ownedAssetsManagementCommissionpromulgatedtheProposalsontheRegulationoftheRestructuringofState-ownedEnterprises,ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiang,ProjectTeamon"BasicThinkingofthe11thFive-YearPlanandLong-termGoalsof2020",2005Inthenext5-15years,China’’speacefuldevelopmentwillhaveamajorinfluenceon,withincreasinglyhigherdependenceonexternalmarketsandresources,howtohandleitsrelationswiththeinternationalcommunityandcreateamatureexternalenvironmentwillbeofvitalimportancetoChina’’’sdevelopment(1)Theworldeconomywillbeinaperiodofcyclicupswingduringthe11thFive-YearPlanInfluencedbytheITrevolutionthatbeganinthe1980s,theworldeconomyin2010willcontinuetobeinaperiodofcyclicrising(researchonthetheoryofeconomiccyclesindicatethatduetotheinfluenceofmajortechnologicalrevolutionsindifferenthistoricalperiods,theworldeconomyfluctuatesroughlyinacycleof40-60years,whichcanbedividedintotherisinganddecliningperiods).Thegrowthoftheworldeconomyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanwillbehigherthanthatduringthe10thFive-YearPlanandlargelyatthesamelevel()ofthesecondhalfofthe1990s.(2)ThenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillcontinuetopushforwardglobaleconomicdevelopmentandindustrialrestructuringforaconsiderabletimetocomeThewaveoftheglobalITrevolutioninthe1990sspurredarapidglobaleconomicdevelopment,,developedcou,majorbreakthroughswouldpossiblybemadeandbturingandoutwardindustrialtransfersofdevelopedcountries,whichwillbefavorableforChinatotapitsfollow-upadvantagesandpromoteitseconomicstructuralupgradingandeconomicdevelopmentthroughopeninguptotheoutsideworld.(3)TradeliberalizationwillcontinuetoadvanceAmoreliberalworldtrad,China’sexportoftext,andasaresultthedistortionoftheinternationalmarketoffarmproductswillbecorrected,whichwillbeconduciveforChinatoraisethecompetitivenessofitsfa,worldtradecancontinuetomaintainafairlyfastgrowththankstotheinfluen,Euro,China’sfreetradearrangementswithASEANandotherinvolvedwillbringevenmoretradeopportunitiesanddevelopmentspace.(4)Cross-borderindustrialtransferwillbringnewopportunitiesThewaveofthenewtechnologicalrevolutionwillspurdevelopedcountriestoquickenindustrialrestructuring,andtheirtraditionalmanufacturingindustry,thecapital-andtechnology-intensiveheavyindustriesandsomeofthemanufacturingsectorsof’smarketscalecontinuestoexpand,thecountryisattractingmoreandmoreinvestmentfromtheforeignmanufacturingindustryandthecountrycontinuestoenjoytheadvantageofhigh-qualityandlow-costRDpersonnel,transnationalcompaniesarebeginningtospreadtheirRDactivitiestoChinaandtheestabli,cross-bordertransferofserviceindustriesfromdevelopedcountrieshasalsobecomeatrendwithoutsou’sdevelopment(1)TheuncertaintyofthedevelopmentoftheUSeconomyTheUnitedStatesclaimsone-thirdofthetotalworldeconomy,anditsd,,includingthe"doubledeficits"(the),anageingpopulation,thedifficultiesrelatedtopensionsystem,andth,,,,Chinahastradedeficitswithallm(2)TheinstabilityoftheinternationalfinancialsystemInrecentyears,thehuge"doubledeficits",,,itwilldrasticallydevalueChina’sforeignexchangereserves,whichwillbeahugelosstothecountryfo,greatshockstoChina’sexports,itsbalanceofpayments,itsindustrialrestructuringandevenitsfinancialsecurity.(3)TradeprotectionmeasuresarebecomingdiversifiedRecentyearshavewitnessedeconomicstagnation,risingunemploymentandfactorcosts,an,tradeprotectionismreareditsheadintheformofprotectingtheenvironmentandthelaborrights,andsomecountriesdeliberatelyraisedtechntradepartnerswillnoteasilyrecognizeChina’sstatusasamarketeconomy,China’sexportproductswillbemorepronetobeaffectedbynewtradebarriers.

,themonetarypolicyshouldcoordinate,themonetarypolicys,inordertomaintainamoderateinflationlevel,theM2supplyshouldbecontrolledwithinagrowthsectionof17-19%whilethegrowthofloansshouldbecontrolledwithin21%.fconsumptionandinvestmentChina’,themonetarypolicyin2004shouldpay,structu,weshouldcontinuetogivepreferentialtreatmenttotheconsumercreditinfieldssuchashousingdecoration,,weshouldimplementamorerelaxedconsumercreditpolicyandpositivelyfosterthevirtuousconsumptionpsychologyandconsumptionbehaviorofpeoplentrolonforeignexchangeCurrently,theinterestratemarket-orientedreformonlyinvolvesloans,,intheyearof2004,thecentralban,seenfromthelong-termdevelopmentdirectionofChina’sexchangeratereform,,theurgentaffairscurrentlyistoloosefor,weshouldformulaterelatedpoliciesandregulationstoinitiateQualifiedDomesticInstitutionalInvestorsandimplementthestrategyof“goingout”.Secondly,weshouldreformthepresentsystemofforeignexchangesettlementandsalesandch,weshallcontinuetorelaxthelimitationontheamount’sbankingsectorhasenteredanall-roundtrouble-shootingperiodIn2004,theChinesegovernmentdecidedtoinputUS$45billionforeignexchangereservetosupplementcapitalfundfortheBankofChina(BOC)andChinaConstructionBank(CCB),BOCandCCBshouldtakeefforttostrengtheninternalreform,changetheoperationmechanism,establishsoundcorporategovernance,upgradethep,itshouldbeputontheagendatorelaxfinancialcontrolbeginningwiththeparticipationofprivatecapitalforsmallandmedium-sizedbanksandtograduallydevimeSince2004,China’sfinancialreformisaccelerated:theliberalizationofinterestrateandexchangerateprogressesgradually,bigcommercialbankswillbelistedafterrestructuring,,thedep’sdepositinsuranceinstitutionshouldreflecttheprincipleof“compulsoryparticipation,feelinkageandrisksharing”.March2004ChenQingtaiWiththefurtherdeepeningofeconomicdevelopmentandopening-up,thedevelopmentandchangesinthepolitical,e,China’senergyreformanddevelopment,especiallytheissuesofChina’ssustainableenergysupplyanditspossibleinfluencesonworldenergysituation,haveremainedcontroversialissuesthroughouttheworld,,theyseemedtobecomethemajorsupportingevidencesof"ChinaThreat".Awidely-heldviewis:theissueofenergysupplywillbecomeaninsurmountablebarrierinChina’seffortstodevelopitseconomyfurtherandimprovethelivingstandardsoftheChinesepeople,andChina’,theenergyreformanddevelopmenthavearousedmoreandmoreconcernath’senergysituationlikeHowseriousisitWhatkindofstrategyandmeasuresshouldChinataketoensurethesustainableeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheoverallrealizationofacomparativelywell-offsocietyinChinaAllthesequestionshavebecomesoimperativethatitisnece’sEnergyIssueintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInthepasttwodecades,significantachievementshavebeenmadeinChina’ects:,%whilethe%,,theenergyconsumptionperunitofGDPhasbeendecreasingandontheotherhand,theenergyconsumptionperunitofproductofthemajorhigh-energyconsumptionsectorshasbeensignificantlydecreasingandthegapbetweenthelevelofenergyconsumptionofmajorenergy-consumptionproductvelopmentofChina’hina’seconomicandsocietaldevelopment,andatthesametime,itisaperiodinwhitforwardinthe16thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,China’(PPP),China’spercapitaGDPwillsucceed$10,,,thelevelofurbanization,thecitizen’,mostdevelopedcountriesalsounderwentaprocessinwhichpercapitaenergyconsumptiongrewrapidlyandtheenergymixchangedinarapidpace,,theuniquesituationofChina,andtheinternationalbackgroundcharacterizedbyeconomicglobalizationandincreasinglypopularenvironmentalprotectionmovementwillmakeChina’ssituati’sconstructingacomparativelywell-offsociety,howmuchenergyisneededtosupporttheeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentgoal,andwhichkindofchallengesandpressuresChinawillfacewilldependbothontheobjectivelawofeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentandwhichkindofeconomy,energy,"China’sComprehensiveEnergyStrategyandPolicy"hasmadesomeforecastsaboutChina’:,China’senergydemandinth,China’,nomicgrowthbymanagingacomparativelysmallenergyinvestment,anditispossibleforChinatoimprovethelivingstandardofitspeoplewiththepercapita,ifdifferentpolicesandmeasuresweretaken,therewouldbedifferencesbetweentheenergymixandenergyefficie,ifadifferentenergydevelopmentstrategywereadopted,theeconomicdevelopmenttargetcouldbemetbutitwouldhaveatotallydifferentimpactonenergysupply,’slivingstandardsandupgradingoftheconsumption,theenergydemandmixwillgreatlychange,especiallyinthetransportationsectorandconstructionsectorandthegrowthrateofenergydemandwillewlyexpandedenergyconsumptioninthesameyearwillincreaseto57-75%in2020fromthepresentnumberof35%,,weshouldattachgreatimportancetotheenergysupplyandenergyefficiencyimprovementoftheseenergyintensivesectorswhoseenergyconsumptionwillincreaserapidly,,ourconclusionisthatitisdefinitelytruethatChina’,inordertorealizethegoalofquadruplingChina’seconomyby2020,dthegreatpotentialofthesysteminnovationandtechnologicalinnovationinChina’senergyfield,andaseriesofpoliciesonthepartofChinesegovernmentwhichaimsatpromotingthesustainabledevelopmentofenergy,wecangettheconclusionthatitispossibleforChinatorealizetntstrate’sEnergyStrategyintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInordertorealizethegoalofanall-sidedcomparativelywell-offsocietyanddealwiththeseriouschallengesofthelong-termenergydevelopment,theWestand,accordingtothespecificsituationinChina,establishamid-andlong-termsustainableenergystrategywithChinesecharacteristicswy,China’senergystrategywillrea:(1)Theobjectiveofenergysupplyshouldchangefromsimplymeetingthebasicrequirementsofeconomicdevelopmenttoattachingmoreimportancetotheenvironmentresultsonthebasisofmeetingtherequirements,thusrealizingthecoordinateddevelopmentofeconomy,societyandenvironment.(2)Thedevelopmentmodelofenergyenterpriseswillchangefromgovernmentplanandadministrativecontroltoamarket-basedmechanismundertheguidanceofthegovernment.(3)China’senergydevelopment,againstthebackgroundofeconomicglobalizationandChina’sWTOentry,shouldchangefromthe"self-balance"modeldependantondomesticresourcestoaninternationalstrategymodelwhichmakesfulluseofdomesticandoverseasresourcesanddomesticandinternationalmarkets.

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HanJun,XieYang,XuXiaoqing,CuiChuanyi,PanYaoguo,1thFive-YearPlan(1),China’stotalgraindemandwillgoupannuallyduetopopulationgrowth,ble,nsumptionrevealsthatwhenincomeisatarelativelylowlevel,grainisthemai,livestockproductswillreplacethereducedportionofcereal,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsstabilizes,’sfoodconsumptionisinthesecondperiod,namelyaperiodduringwhichfoodconsum,theconsumptionoflivestockproductsbyurbanresidentswillgrowatarelativelyslowpace,whilethespaceforsuchconsumptionbyruralresidentsisfairlylargeandsuchconsumptionwillgrowatarelativelyfastpace.(2)Theaccelerateddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationwillbringabou’,thelevelofChina’,thelevelofChina’,iftheproportionofagriculturalemploymentdropsby1percentagepointeachyearwiththeaccelerationofeconomicdevelopment(overthetwodecadesfrom1981to2001,),theproportionofagriculturale,theaccelerationofindustrializationandurbanizationoverthenext20yearswillbringaboutrareopportunitiesforChinatosolvethethreeagriculture-relatedproblems.(3)Chinahasenteredadevelopmentperiodinwhichindustrycounter-feedsagriculture,andha’scounter-feedingofagricultureisanactofgovernmentinterventioninagriculture,,manycountriesexperiencedaperiodinthecourseofindustrialization,duringwhichagriculturefirstpr,industrialandfarmproductscouldnotbetradedonanequalfootingduetothelon,thestateobtainedhugeamountsoffundsfromtheagriculturalsectorandseriouslyweakenedagriculture’,agriculture,whichhadalreadybeenbackward,losttheabilityforself-developmentbecauseitfailedtoreceivesufficientvaluecompensationoveralongperiod,andthematerialandtechnicalco,thestateclearlyintensifi,agr,agricultureisstillinanunfavorablepos,China’spercapitaGDPatcurrentexchangeratessurpassed1,strywasabout15∶85,theratiobetweentheemploymentofagricultureandnon-farmindustrieswasabout50∶,Chinahasenteredthemiddleperiodofindustrialization,duringwhichnon-farmindustriesinsteadofagriculturehavebecometheleadingsectorofthenation,differentcountriesadopteddifferentmeasuresinlig,Chinaingeneralhasenteredthedevelopmentperiodduringwhichindustryshouldcounter-feedagricultureandhencethepolicytoprotect,thenationalrevenuefromagriculturaltaxandsurchargestotaled46billionyuan,andtheasandChinacannotgivehugeamountsofsubsidiestoincreasetheincomeofpeasantsasdevelopedcountriesdo,thecountryingeneralhasalreadyposseevelopmentduringthe11thFive-YearPlan(1)Agriculturalproductionfacesgravechallengessuchascontinuousshrinkingoffarmland,overallworseningo"increasedpopulation,reducedfarmlandandreducedwater"willcontinueandtheconstraintofresourceconditionstoagriculturaldevelopmentwillbecomeevenmoreacute.(2)Oversupplyofrurallaborandunderemploymentwillcontinuetobemajorconstraintstoth,,technologicaladvancesinagriculturewillreleaseaconsiderableamountoflabor.(3)The,co’sfunctionsaremonotonr,theruralcreditcoopegthevastruralareas,,,thestate-ownedcommercialbanksattractedmorethan300billionyuanofdepositsfromtheruralareasandthef,thecreditcooperativealsosawabout200billionyuanoffundsflowingoutoftheruralareaseachyearonaveragethroughre-depositingfundsinthecentralbank,purchasingnationaldebtsandfinancialbondsandotherchannels.

第一MG妹妹很饿LinJiabinInthepasttwoyears,"citymanagement",themunicipalgovernmentsinvariouspa,’sperspective,theriseofthe"citymanagement"concepthelpedexpeditethepaceofmu,italsoresultedinmisguidedgovernmentbehaviors,encouraginglandrequisitionandselling,stateandnatureofChina’scitymanagement,theoriginofth’sCurrentCityManagementAreviewof,somemunicipalleadersextolledcitymanagementasa"brand-newconceptofmunicipalconstruction"(WangHongzhong:CityManagement–APowerfulLeverageforPromotingRegionalEconomicDevelopment,ChinaPersonnelPublishingHouse,April2002)andasa"revolutioninthemodeofmunicipaldevelopment"(QingdaoMunicipalConstructionCommission:ManagingaCity–aRevolutionintheModeofMunicipalDevelopment,aspeechattheMayors’ForumonCityManagementandRegionalEconomicDevelopmentinSeptember2002).Lateron,somescholarschallengedthis,arguingthatcitymanagementimpliedagovernmentoversteppingitsadministrativefunctions,alossofcontroloverthescaleofmunicipalconstruction,anexhaustionofarablelandresources,,"citymanagementisinnatureanactofgovernmentoversteppingitsfunctionsandshouldnotbeadvocated"(SunYongzheng:RisksofCityManagement,TheTide,,2003)."government’scapitalizedoperationandmanagementofitsvariousresourcesandassetsbyemployingmarkettoolsundermarketeconomyconditions"(QingdaoMunicipalConstructionCommission:2002).Otherssaiditmeantthegovernment,usingmarketeconomytoolsandthroughmarketmechanisms,reorganizesandoperatesthenaturalcapital(suchasland,riversandlakes),thecarrierofcityspaceandcityfunctions,andthehumancapital(suchasroads,bridgesandothermunicipalfacilitiesandpublicbuildings)aswellastheirextendedcapital(suchasthenamingofroadsandbridgesandtheuseofadvertisingdevices),usessocialcapitalformunicipalconstruction,appliesthemarketeconomy’smanagementknowledgeandtechniquesintomunicipalconstructionandmanagement,andcarriesoutconcentration,reorganizationandoperationofmunicipalassets(WangHongzhong:2002).Stillotherssaidthatcitymanagementis"anoperationthattakesthecityasaspecialasset",andthat"thecityshouldbeoperatedinamarketmodetodiversifyinvestors,marketizeprojectoperationsandcommercializefacilityusage"Fromtheaboveabstractconcepts,,,weshoutrevealsthatChina’ties,forthisisthemostcole,theearningsfromlandsalesevenmatchestaxrevenuesandbecameanim"landreservecenters"establishedbycitygovernmentsmonopolizetheprimarylandmarketandacquirelandatlowpricesthrough"setmode"ipalinfrastructureconstructionandoperationbyestablish,theChangshaMunicipalGovernmentsignedanagreementwithHongKongChangjiangConstructionCompany,underwhichtheBOT(Built-Operation-Transfer)lectionandoperationafte,ChangshaMunicipalGovernmentauthorizedthroughagreementthelocalenterprise,ChangdaGroupCorporation,ideinvestors,includinggopublicfacil,transitroutes,publiclavatoriesatscenicspots,colddrinkoutletsandnewsstands,andthenamingandadvertisingrightsofroads,bridges,squaresandotherfacilities.XieFuzhan,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqun,WangZhao,HanJunLiJianweiInthefirsthalfofthisyear,theChineseeconomymaintainedasteadyhighgrowth,,consumerdemandhadbeenthriving,importsandexportshadbeengrowingrapidly,therisingconsumerpriceshadbeenlowered,,theeconomyhasbeenmovingforwardintheregulateddirectionsetbythe,themainscenarioandproblemsemergedintheeconomyarethatimportgrowthisnothigh,thetradesurplusisfairlybig,tradefrictionisincreasing,creditgrowthisdeclining,financingchannelsarenotsmooth,therealestatemarketisfacingmoreuncertainty,theeconomicefficiencyofenterprisesisslidingdown,grainpricesarefalling,,,controlthekeyar,ThoughSlightlySlower,HighGrowthPerformanceCurrently,aterialsiseasing,marketpricesaremovingdownwards,overheatedindustriesarefacinganincreasinglystrongconstraintsfrommarketdemand,,,,:first,thescaleoftheinvestmentinrealestateandmunicipalconstructionisstilllargeandthereremainsenormousspaceforthegrowthofpotentialdemand;second,theprivateandforeign-investedeconomicsectorsaredevelopingrapidly,thereformofstate-ownedenterprisesisconstantlydeepening,enterpriseshaveastrongdesiretovoluntarilyupgradeandtransformtheirfacilitiesinordertomeetmarketdemand,andthereremainsaconsiderablepotentialforinvestmentgrowthinequipmentupgrading;third,thesupplycapacitiesoftheenergy,transportationandpublicsectorsarestillinsufficient,thegovernmenthasintensifiedinvestmentsupport,accessrestrictionstosocialcapitalareeasing,,luded,,,marketpriceshavebegundecliningandmarketsupplyhasbeensufficient,andconsumerexpectationswillcontinuetoimprovewitheconomicdevelopmentandadvancesinthereformofsocialsecurity,,long-termconsumptionandinvestmentwillbe,,,theeconomiesoftheUnitedStates,,USDexchangeratefluctuationsandincreasedtradefriction,,ndinparticularintheexchangeratepolicyandiftheexpectationforRMBappreciationcontinuestoexist,theoveralltra,,Chinahasbeenfacingincreasinglyfiercertradefriction,whichhasclearlybecomeaconstrainttothecountry’,weshouldalsonotethatthequoormingnewquantitativerestrictionsonexports,whichwillhelppromotearationalquantitatived,,thegrowthrateinthesecondhalfoftheyearislikelytoincreasesl,,consumptionandexportindi,thef,thedeclininggrowthrateofimportsandtheincreaseofnetexportandtradesurplusesare,tosomeextent,,thedeclineinthegrowthofRMBcreditandthegrowthinfixedassetinvestmentwill,theboominindustrialeconomicgrowthbegandeclining,andthisdeclineisaffectingmoreindustrialsectorsandisfairlynoticeableintheironandsteel,buildingmaterials,chemicals,,hinefficiencyslidingdownwards,,weexpectthateconomicgrowthin2005willcontinuetobehigh,,’sgrowthrate,butonhowtokeepgrowthmomentumintonextyear.

圣淘沙电竞官网LaiYouwei,,2004Sincereformandopeningup,China’srailw,theenormousfundingshortagearisingfromthecurrentsinglesystemofinvestmentandfinancinginrailwayconstructionhasseriouslyimpededtheindustry’formoftheinvestmentsystem,itmustpromotethereformoftherailwayinvestmentandfinancingsyste’sInvestmentandFinancingSystemforRailwayConstructionChina’srailwaysystemwasoneofthesectorsthattheplannedeconomyinfluencedthegreatest,,therailwayi,,theChinesegovernmentandinparticulartheMinistryofRailwayshaveadoptedsomemeasurestobroadenthefinancingchannelsforrailw,thegovernmentisstilltheprincipalinvestorinChina’:throughgovernmentbondsandStateassets,fromregionalfinance,98,,,,,tenprovincesandmunicipalitiesleviedrailwayconstructionsurchargesontheexistingregionalrailways(includingjoint-investedrailways)astheirinvestmentsintheconstructionofregionalrailways(includingjoint-investedrailways).Butthesurchargeslevi,sedcond,municipalitiesandautonomousregionsalsooffereddiversepreferentialpoliciesonlandacquisition,residentresettlementandtaxation,’tionandwiththeapprovaloftheStateCouncil,theministrybegancollectingrailwayconstructionfundsbyincreasingrailwayfreightchargesfromMarch1,/,thetotalamountcollectedeachyearhasbeenincreasedduetotherisingchargerate,,36billionin1995,,:first,repayinglong-termloansforrailwayconstruction;second,beingusedasguaranteefortheissuanceofrailwayconstructionbonds;andthird,orChina’02,,ofwhichtherailwayconstructionfundinvested199billionyuan,%,therailwayconstructionfunment,Chinaalsohasothermaininvestmentandfinancingchannelsforrailwayconstruction.(1)LoansfromdomesticbanksLendi,,thedurationoftheloansofferedbytheStateDevelopmentBankforrailwayconstructionprojectshasbeenextendedto25yearsandthatofferedbytheConstructionBankofChinato20years,ofannualloansandalsotothecon,itis,railwayenterpriseshavenoalternativebuttoutilizeshort-termcommercialloanswithhigherinterestrates.(2)LoansfrominternationalfinancialorganizationsandforeigngovernmentsFromthebeginningofreformandopeninguptotheendof2002,,,ithasusedeightWorldBankloans,,,,theministryhasutilizedgovernmentloansandexportcreditsfromGermany,France,Norway,Australia,CanadaandBritainandloansfromNordicinvestmentbanks.WangMengkuiWhatwearediscussingatthisforumisnotonlyacrucialtaskforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundway,butasubstantiveissueforachievingindustrializationandmodernizati’smodernizationtobuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundway,accomplishmodernizationgradually,whileconcentratingoureffortsontheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,,weusedtotackletheissueonthestrengthofagriculturalproduction,butnowweshouldapplywaysofindustrialization,,wewilluseadvancedtechnologyintransformingagricultureandoverallruraleconomy;wewillmovealargenumberofrurallabortonon-agriculturalsectorsbyurbanization;wewilladheretothereforminthedirectionofsocialistmarketeconomy;andwewillincorporateru,transferringenormousrurallaborerstonon-agriculturalsectors,andgraduallychangingthedualstructureofurbanandruraleconomnd,inwhichtheprioritygiventoheavyindustryresultedinthedecreaseoflaborabsorbedbyunitcapital,andthemovementfororganizationofpeoplemonopolyofpurchaseandmarketingandthepolicyofsegmentationofurbanandruralareas,makingthecountry’,,,thecountryhasstartedtoloosenitspolicy,,thepopulationincitiesandtownssurged210million,,theproportionofagriculturall(comparedwith18percentin1978bycalculatingwithnon-comparablefactors)in2000,,nowtherateofurbanizationisstillaround10percentagepointslowerthantheworldaveragelevel,andalsoevidentlybeovementoflaborforcecontributedapproximately16percenttotheeconomicgrowthrateofoverninepercentinthelast20yearsofthe20thcentury,,enhancedtheinternationalcompetitivenessofChineseindustrialproducts,,urallaborandspeedupurbanization,soastoprovidtheobjectiveofaccomplish,from2000-2020theproportionoftheprimaryindustryinChina’,,,theproportionofagriculturallaborforceintheentireemployedpopulationwillfallfrom50percentto30-35percent,,whiletherateofurbanizati,wecanachievesuchprogressofurb,,withquitealargenumberofpopulation,Chinaisnowexperiencingadualtransitionofeconomicsystemreformandeconomicrestructuring,whichbroughtaboutheavypressureofemploymentandspecialdifficulties,,urbanizationwillexhibitavarietyoftransitionalshapes:alargenumberofagriculturallaborerswillmovetonon-agriculturalsectors;theemploymentformswillbevarious;manypeoplewillnotleavetheirfarmlandsoquickly;soyinruralareas,,andprudentlytransfe,butweshouldhaveanoverallplanningwithaviewtousingiteconomically,andprotectingfarmers’,thefeespaidfortakingrurallandaccountedforasmallshare,,50percentoftheappealsfiledbyfarmerstothehigherauthoritiesforhelpwererelatedtothetransferoflanduseright,,andthesourceforsomeplacestobuildvarious"imageprojects".Thatiswhytheincomesoffasses,someofwhichhavebecometheprimitiveaccumulationforindustrialization,whileothersf,theprimitiveaccumulationwillnotbemuch;whileinthelongterm,,thestabilizationofruralsociety,increaseoffarmers’incomes,andexpansionofruralmarketwillguarant,thesubjectsalsoincludetheruraleducationalexpenditure,statefinanceandtaxationsystem,,weshouldhaveanoverallplanningontheurbanandruraldevelopment,andappropriatelyinfavoroffarmersandruralareasindealingwiththerelationshanization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisistheauthor’saddressattheForumof"UrbanizationwithChineseCharacteristics"jointlyheldbytheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilandtheEconomicsDailyonSeptember14,2003.LuWeiAtpresent,theleadinggroupofnationalscienceandtechnologyisorganizingastrategicresear,,ourcountry’smanagementofscienceandtechnolo,China’scompetentauthoritiesforscienceandtechnologycameupwithanumberofadministrativerulesconcerningintellectualpropertyright,buttheserulesgyshouldputanemphasisonbuildinganationalman’sIntellectualPropertyRightManagementintheScienceandTechnologyPlansFirst,inprojectmanagement,theachievementofscientifivementforbothbasicresearchprojecta,thepersonnelmanagementsystemofcollegesandre,thestateinvestedatotalofRMB11billioninthe"863plan"within15years,subsidizingmorethan5,,061theses,andatotalof1,650patentsweregrantedathomeandabroadundertheprogram.(fromRelatedStatisticsofthe"863Plan"within15YearsandTheAnnualProgramofthe"863Plan"fortheYear2000,http://).Onanaverage,,thedivisionofresponsibilities,rightsandbenefi,theresearchachievementbelongstothegovernment,butinreality,itbelongstotheunitundertakingresearchandnoonetakestherespon,someachievementscannotbetransformedandutilizedintime;ontheotherhand,thecountry’sintelletheResearchAchievementofNationalScienceandTechnologyProject(ProvisionsfortheManagementofAchievementofIntellectualPropertyRightinbrief)promulgatedin2002,putforwardasuggestionthattheunitundertakingtheresearchshouldbecometheowneroftheintellectualpropertyrightofresearchachiev,,theownershippolicyonirkingunitanddoesnotattachenoughimportancetothefunctionoftheinventor,,inactualoperation,stressismadethattheinventionbelongstotheworkingunitundertakingresearch,,duetothepracticeofegalitarianismonthepartofthestate-ownedenterprisesanddepartments,mostoftheinventorscanhardlyobtainthedueremuneration,,themanagementofintellectualpropertyrightpaystoomuchattentiontoownershiponly,,stresswaslaidontheinterestsoftheundertakingunit,whiletheresponsellectualPropertyRightonlyproposes,inprinciple,thatunitundertakingresearchshouldsetupamechanismforthetransformationofscientificandtechnologicalresearchachievement,butdoesnotclarifyandspecifytherequirementsconcerningthetransferoftechnology,,theadministrativedepartments,colleges,researchinstitutesofscienceandtechnologyandenterprisesareinshortageo,someresearchinstitutesofscienceandcollegeshavesetuptheirmanagementorgansforintellectualpropertyright,,thegovernmentadministrativedepartmentforscienceandtechnologyhaveneithertheorgannorthesystemformana,theexistingoperationsystemincollegesandscienceandtechnolo,aconsiderablenumberofcollegesandresearchinstitutesofscienceandtechnologyruntheirownenterprisesandasaresult,manyresearchachievementshavebvernmentsthatarelocatedinresearchinstitutesofscienceandtechnology,collegesandenterprises,canhardlyexerttheirfunctionofdevelopingpublictechnologyorpopularizingtechnologywithoutduepolicyconcerningintellectualpropertyright....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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